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Communist Party of Bangladesh
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Communist Party of Bangladesh
 



Party chairperson   Manzurul Ahsan Khan
General Secretary   Mujahidul Islam Selim

Founded   1968
Headquarters   Mukti Bhaban
21/1 Purana Paltan
Dhaka, Bangladesh
1000

Political ideology   Communism,
Marxism-Leninism
International affiliation   None
Colour(s)   Red

Website   http://www.cpbdhaka.org/

 


Election symbol

See also the politics of Bangladesh series
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Poster of the CPB commemorating the 50th anniversary of its foundation (as part of the Communist Party of Pakistan).Communist Parties

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The Communist Party of Bangladesh (Bengali:   ) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in Bangladesh, founded in 1968 as the Communist Party of East Pakistan.Contents [hide]
1 History
1.1 Independent Bangladesh
2 Ideology and organization
3 Strategy and tactics
4 See also
5 External links


[edit]
History

After the partitioning of India in 1947, during the 2nd Congress of the Communist Party of India in Calcutta, the delegates coming from regions within the newly founded state of Pakistan (which included what now constitutes Bangladesh) met on March 6, 1948 in a separate session and decided to form the Communist Party of Pakistan.

The main strength and activity of the newly constituted Party was in the province of East Pakistan (what is now Bangladesh). This eastern province was geographically separated from the western province by almost 2,000 km of Indian territory. Because of this wide geographical separation along with persecution by Pakistan government and uneven development of democratic movement in the two parts of Pakistan, the communists of East Pakistan felt the need to have an independent center for further advancing their activities. The 4th Conference of the East Pakistan Provincial Committee of the Party, which met clandestinely in 1968, declared itself to be the 1st Congress of the Communist Party of East Pakistan and elected a Central Committee for the Party. With the emergence of Bangladesh as an independent state in 1971, this Party took its present name of Communist Party of Bangladesh.

The Party played a vital role in the 1969 uprising and also during the nationwide upheaval that followed it including the non co-operation movement of 1971. The CPB also actively participated in the nine months long armed struggle for independence of Bangladesh in 1971. A ???Special Guerilla Force’ under the direct command of CPB-NAP-BSU fought against the Pakistani army. Communists were also took part in the other segments of the armed resistance fighters including the Freedom Fighters and the new Bangladesh Army. Moni Singh, the ex-President of CPB, was elected a member of the Advisory Council of the Provisional Government of Bangladesh.

[edit]
Independent Bangladesh
See also: Soviet Union-Bangladesh relations

The emergence of independent Bangladesh in 1971 opened up a new chapter in the history of the Communist Party of Bangladesh. The Party began to work legally and openly.The Party formed Trade Union Centre with a view to mobilise trade union organisations and movements on revolutionary lines. A Gana Oikya Jote was formed on 14 October 1973 consisting of the Bangladesh awami league, Communist Party and National Awami Party (Muzaffar) with a view to prepare ground for establishing socialism in the country, and a Jote Committee was constituted consisting of 19 members with three members from CPB. The party in its congress held in Dhaka (1973) adopted a new constitution, and a 26-member central committee was elected with Moni Singh as president and Mohammad Farhad as general secretary. On August 15, 1975 President Sheikh Mujib was assassinated by a section of the army which ultimately brought the country under a rightist military rule.The CPB leaders and workers were victims to serious repression under the military government in 1975. The Party leaders in the centre and in district lebels were arrested, warrants were issued against many (1976), and in October 1977 CPB was declared banned. In 1978 the ban on the party was, however, withdrawn and its leaders were released. The CPB participated in the general elections of 1978. As a member of the Oikya Front the CPB accorded active support to General mohammad ataul ghani osmany in the Presidential election in 1979.The CPB joined the 15-party alliance in 1983 against the military rule of hussain m ershad. The party participated in the 1986 jatiya sangsad elections and secured five seats. CPB had a vital role in the oust Ershad movement in 1990.The CPB joined the 15-party alliance in 1983 against the military rule of hussain m ershad. The party participated in the 1986 jatiya sangsad elections and secured five seats. CPB had a vital role in the oust Ershad movement in 1990.

The CPB faced a great crisis in 1991 in view of the disaster of socialism in East Europe including Soviet Union. The party leaders were divided into two camps, one in favour of abolition of the CPB and its replacement by a new platform on democratic line, and the other in favour of maintaining the party in its original form. This conflict grew to be acute in 1993 when the two opposing groups arranged separate convention in Dhaka. The Marxist-Leninist group in their convention held on 15 June (1993) resolved in favour of the independent existence of the Communist Party in Bangladesh, and had their new central executive committee formed with Shahidullah Chowdhury as president and Mujahidul Islam Selim as general secretary.Manzurul Ahsan Khan and Mujahidul Islam selim are the present president and general secretary Of the party.

[edit]
Ideology and organization

The Party is guided by the ideology of Marxism-Leninism and the ultimate goal of the Party is socialism-communism. Revolutionary internationalism is a cardinal aspect of its policy principles. Democratic centralism is the guiding organizational principle of CPB. The Congress of the Party, which is convened every 4 years, is the supreme body of the Party which elects a Central Committee accountable to it. The Central Committee is the highest organ of the Party during the interval between two Congresses.

A 51-member Central Committee was elected by the 9th Congress of the Party (Agust 2008). An 7-member Presidium including the President and General Secretary were elected by the CC. There is also a national council of 191 members which sits at least once a year to advice and help the CC in implementing the decisions of the Congress. The Congress also elected a 4 member Control Commission. The CPB has organizations in 62 out of the 64 districts and 275 out of 520 sub-districts in Bangladesh. The district and sub-district committees coordinate and guide the activities of the zonal committees and the primary branches of the Party. Party members are organized in these primary branches, The branches on their part organize ???activist groups’ which serve to prepare cadres for party membership. Besides party membership, the Party also provides opportunity to include ???associate members’ from among supporters of the Party. Party members and activists are working in trade unions and mass organizations of agricultural workers, peasants, women, students, youth, children, teachers, doctors, lawyers, professionals, indigenous national minorities and aboriginal, cultural organizations etc. In spite of relatively small number of party members and associate members (taken together they total 25,000), the Party is capable of mobilizing several hundreds of thousands of people through its influence in these mass organizations.

The main organ of the party is Ekota, which is published weekly.

[edit]
Strategy and tactics

The CPB is working with a strategy of bringing about a 'revolutionary democratic transformation of society and state' with the ultimate goal of socialism-communism. The Party has put forward a 17-point program in consonance with this strategic goal of 'revolutionary democratic transformation'.

CPB is giving special attention to strengthen the Party and the mass organizations, increase cohesion among the communists and move towards communist unity, strengthen and expand the Left Democratic Front (which is constituted by different communist and left parties).

CPB has also been working to bring together left and liberal democratic forces to provide an alternative to the current two major parties. CPB took active part in setting up an 11-party combination has been set up with this purpose. However, in recent developments (as of late 2006) the rest of this alliance has aligned within the 14-party alliance led by the Awami League.

CPB is also giving priority to the urgent task of fighting religious fundamentalism. For this CPB is working to build up united movement with all possible secular democratic forces including the Awami League.
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Workers Party of Bangladesh
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Workers Party of Bangladesh
 


Party chairperson   Rashid Khan Menon
General Secretary   Bimal Biswas

Founded   1980
Headquarters   31/F, Topkhana Road, Dhaka - 1000[1]

Political ideology   Communism
International affiliation   None
Colour(s)   Red


 


Election symbol

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The Workers Party of Bangladesh is a Communist party in Bangladesh. It is the fraternal party of CPI(M) in the country.

WPB was founded in 1980 by the Bangladesh Communist Party (Leninist), Revolutionary Communist League, Majdur Party and another group. Amal Sen was the founding general secretary.

In 1984 the party split in two factions, both using the name WPB. One group was led by Amal Sen and Nazrul Islam. The other was led by the current president of the party, Rashid Khan Menon. In 1992 they reunited.

WPB is part of the Left Democratic Front and the 14-party alliance.

Mass organizations of WPB:
Bangladesh Chhatra Maitri (students)
Juba Maitri (youth)
Jatio Sramik Federation Bangladesh (LabourFront)
Jatio Krishok Somity (Peasant front)
Nari Mukti Sangsad (Women Front)

Alliance: Grand Alliance
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Bangladesher Samajtantrik Dal
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Socialist Party of Bangladesh (BASOD))

Bangladesher Samajtantrik Dal ('Socialist Party of Bangladesh', often referred to as BASAD) is a communist party in Bangladesh. The party was founded on 7 November 1980.[1] BASAD is led by Khalequzzaman.[2]