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Пакистан
« : 01/07/09 , 00:58:34 »


Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Communist Mazdoor Kisan Party)Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party

Leader   Sufi Abdul Khaliq Baloch
Founded   1995
Ideology   Communism,
Marxism-Leninism
International affiliation   None
Official colours   Red
Website
www.geocities.com/cmkp_pk/


Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party (Communist Workers Peasant Party) is a political party in Pakistan formed in 1995 through the unification of the Communist Party of Pakistan (CPP) and the Mazdoor Kissan Party (MKP).
 
CMKP activist, Karachi, 30 April 2008

In 1986 the MKP had condemned Gorbachev’s policies whereas the CPP continued to support Glasnost and Perestroika. The MKP argued that those policies would eventually lead to the restoration of capitalism in the Soviet Union. The break-up of the Soviet Union had an enormous impact on the left in Pakistan, as elsewhere in the world. A great number of factions abandoned Marxism and the Communist movement. At this difficult juncture in history the Communist Party of Pakistan and the Mazdoor Kissan Party came together to uphold the banner of Communism. In 1995 both parties engaged in criticism and self-criticism. Comrades of the CPP were critical of their underestimation of the impact of Soviet revisionism. Comrades of the MKP were critical of their former characterisation of the Soviet Union as social imperialist. Both parties came together and formed the Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party.

In 1999 much of the former CPP broke away and reconstituted themselves as a separate party.

In the 2002 parliamentary elections the party was denied registration.

The CMKP, made up of mainly former MKP elements, later went back to calling their party MKP. In 2003 a group led by Sufi Abdul Khaliq Balooch broke away and formed a party called CMKP. This party today publishes the magazine Surkh Parcham (Red Flag).

The Party has been engaged in the movement against the military regime of General Pervez Musharraf, and has been an active force in the movement for the restoration of the Chief Justice of Pakistan, Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry. The Party has been associated with the lawyers movement in various cities, but most notably in Rawalpindi-Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore. The Party is seen by many as the most vibrant leftist political force in Pakistan with a growing support amongst youth.

The Party has launched a massive country wide campaign against the PML-Q; the ruling party of Pakistan that lends its support to the regime of President Musharraf. The Party seeks to unite all democratic forces against the PML-Q and President Musharraf in an attempt to restore democracy in Pakistan.
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Communist Party of Pakistan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Communist Party of Pakistan
??   

Leader   Chacha Moula Bux
Founded   Original party founded on March 6, 1948 in Calcutta, current incarnation reconstituted in 1999.
Headquarters   D-16
Naseem Nagar Phase-III
Hyderabad, Pakistan
Ideology   Communism,
Marxism-Leninism
International affiliation   None
Official colours   Red
Website
http://www.cppak.org
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The Communist Party of Pakistan (Urdu: ??   ) is a communist political party in Pakistan. The CPP was founded in Calcutta, Union of India on March 6, 1948. A decision was taken at the Second All India Conference of Communist Party of India, which was held in Calcutta at that time, that a separate communist party ought to be created in the new state of Pakistan. The thesis was that Pakistan, being a small (in comparison to India) and unstable country was ripe for revolution. The delegate from Pakistan separated themselves and held a separate session were they constituted the CPP. Sajjad Zaheer (founder, All India Progressive Writers Association), from West Pakistan, was elected General Secretary. The delegates from East Pakistan elected an East Pakistan Provincial Committee. Many Muslim leaders of CPI were sent to Pakistan to help the build-up of the party there.

The attempt of making a revolution in Pakistan failed. The leaders of CPP were jailed. In 1951 there was the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case, in which many leading members were convicted. In general, the party was forcibly repressed by successive governments.[1]

Diplomatic intervention by Nehru led to the most prominent CPP leaders being freed and sent into exile in India (or, in the view of some, sent back to India). At this stage CPP was in a very bad shape in West Pakistan, but in East Pakistan the party did have some base and developed mass work. It was however extremely difficult to have a unified underground political organization spanning over such a vast territory. In reality the East Pakistan branch operated quite autonomously.

In the provincial elections in East Pakistan in 1954, the CPP supported the United Front launched by the Awami League, Krishak Sramik Party and the Nizam-e-Islam Party. Four (out of ten) CPP candidates were elected. Twenty-three CPP members were elected as candidates of other parties. In total, the front won 223 seats out of 310.

In 1954 the party was banned. CPP front organizations such as National Students Federation, Progressive Writers' Movement and Railway Worker’s Union were also banned.

After being banned, CPP launched the Azad Pakistan Party with Mian Iftikhar-ud-Din as leader in West Pakistan. In 1957, the CPP and other leftists created the National Awami Party as a legal party. The APP merged into the NAP.

In East Pakistan, the CPP worked within the Awami League and then in Ganatantri Dal.

In 1958 the Kull Pakistan Kissan Association (All Pakistan Peasants Association) was launched.

In the mid-1960s the U.S. State Department estimated the party membership to be approximately 3000.[2] The CPP also began to organize abroad. In Europe, the CPP branch published the Urdu magazine Baghawat (which translates to "rebellion").

In 1966 the Sino-Soviet split reached the CPP. In East Pakistan a pro-Chinese group broke away. In 1970 the Mazdoor Kisan Party broke away in West Pakistan.

At the 4th party congress in Dhaka (1968) a decision was taken that a separate communist party should be constituted for East Pakistan. Thus the Communist Party of East Pakistan was founded. The CPEP later became the Communist Party of Bangladesh.

The CPP organized a militant and armed peasants struggle in Patfeeder, Baluchistan. The CPP resisted the autocratic regimes of the times, and built up militant trade union movements.

In December 1990 Jam Saqi became general secretary of the party. However just a few months later, in April 1991, Jam Saqi resigned from the party.[3]

In 1995 the CPP merged with the Mazdoor Kissan Party to form Communist Mazdoor Kisan Party. The CPP accepted the criticism that they had been too uncritical towards the Soviet Union. In 1999 a group broke away and reconstituted the CPP. In 2002, the CPP split, leading to the existence of two separate CPPs, one led by Maula Bux Khaskheli and a splinter-group led by Khadim Thaheem.

Оффлайн vasily ivanov

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Re: Пакистан
« Ответ #1 : 23/05/10 , 13:22:37 »
От: cppak cppak2003@yahoo.com
Кому: Igor Saveljev stalinist37@volny.cz
Re: Fwd: Re:STALIN
Время создания: Mon, 22 Feb 2010 02:38:59 +0100

Gluboko ouvazhaemie tawarish Igor Savelyev .
Plamenie sergechnii tawarishkii preveet ot komparty pakistana . Mee ochen tsenem washego etogo kontakta .
zhelayam vam fsem zdorgoveya ee sshasteye , tk budushee prednadlezhat ozhe tochna nam prestaveetelam rabuchego klassa .
Da zdrastve tawarish Stalin
Da zdrastve Lenin -Marx
Da zdrastve Kommunisim
Da zdrastve mezhdunarognoe kommunisticheskoe bratsvo .
so glubokeem ouvazheneyem .
Dr shafik
CPP . CC
   «ПЕРЕВОД»:
Глубокоуважаемый товарищ Игорь Савельев.
Пламенный сердечный товарищеский привет от Компартии Пакистана. Мы очень ценим этот контакт с вами.
Желаем вам всем здоровья и счастья, т.к. будущее (очень) точно принадлежит нам, представителям рабочего класса.
Да здравствует товарищ Сталин!
Да здравствует Ленин-Маркс!
Да здравствует Коммунизм!
Да здравствует международное коммунистическое братство!
С глубоким уважением.
Доктор Шафик.
КПП. ЦК.



Communist Party of Pakistan
Central Secretariat: D-168, Naseem Nagar Phase-III, Hyderabad, Sindh.
Phone: +92-22-2654531, Fax: +92-22-2654531, Mob: +92-333-2714014, +92-300-3065723,
E-Mail: cppak2003@yahoo.com Web: www.cppak.org


--- On Sun, 2/21/10, Igor Saveljev <stalinist37@volny.cz> wrote:

From: Igor Saveljev <stalinist37@volny.cz>
Subject: Fwd: Re:STALIN
To: cppak2003@yahoo.com
Date: Sunday, February 21, 2010, 5:43 PM
Здравствуйте, cppak2003@yahoo.com.



---------- Пересылаемое письмо ----------
От: Igor Saveljev <stalinist37@volny.cz>
К: intl@jcp.jp
А также к:
Время создания: Mon, 22 Feb 2010 02:38:59 +0100
Тема: STALIN
Прикрепленные файлы: STALIN-ENC.CLANEK.doc

Здравствуйте, Intl.



--
С уважением,
Igor mailto:stalinist37@volny.cz


---------- Конец пересылаемого письма ----------
--
С уважением,
Igor mailto:stalinist37@volny.cz