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Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
Komunistick strana ech a Moravy

Leader   Vojtch Filip

Founded   1989
Headquarters   Politickych Veznu 9, Prague

Political ideology   Communism
International affiliation   None
European affiliation   Party of the European Left (observer)
European Parliament group   European United Left–Nordic Green Left
Colour(s)   Red

Website   www.kscm.cz
Czech Republic

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The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Czech: Komunistick strana ech a Moravy, KSM) is a political party in the Czech Republic. It has a membership of 82,994 (2006) and is a member party of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left bloc in the European Parliament. It is also the only former ruling party in post-communist Eastern Europe not to drop the communist title from its name, although it changed its party program to suit laws adopted after 1989.

It was formed in 1989 by the Congress of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia which decided to create a party for the territories of Bohemia and Moravia, the areas that were to become the Czech Republic. Previously, it had followed the pattern of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, where there were distinct 'national' parties for regions inhabited by culturally and linguisitically distinct national minorities, but not for the dominant nationality.

In 1990 the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia became a federation of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia and the Communist Party of Slovakia. Later, the Communist Party of Slovakia changed its name to the Party of the Democratic Left, and the federation broke up in 1992.

After the party's second congress in 1992, several groups split away. The Party of the Democratic Left and The Party of the Left Bloc were the most important ones, and they eventually merged into the Party of Democratic Socialism. The latter party does some joint work, and co-operates with the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia.

Another split was the formation of the Party of Czechoslovak Communists (later renamed the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia). However, the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia refuses to work with this group.

In June 2002, the CPBM received 18.5% of the vote for the Czech Republic's Chamber of Deputies. This made them the third largest party in Parliament at that time, with 41 deputies.

In June 2004 the party came in second place in the European Parliament election in the Czech Republic, winning 6 of 24 seats.

In June 2006 parliamentary elections the party scored 12.8%, coming in third and far behind the Social Democrats and sinking to 26 mandates. The leadership were disappointed at the drop in support compared to the party's 2002 results.

After a long-running battle with the Ministry of the Interior, the KSCM's youth section - the Communist Youth Union (KSM) - was dissolved, allegedly for endorsing in its program the replacement of private with collective ownership of the means of production. The decision has met with international protests.[1]

In November 2008, the senate of Czech Republic requested the Supreme Court to dissolve the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, because of its political program, which it claimed contradicted the Constitution of the Czech Republic according to the Senate. 30 out of the 38 senators, who were present at the time, agreed this request and expressed the viewpoint that the program of KSM does not disown violence as a means of attaining power, and adopts the The Communist Manifesto of Karl Marx.[2]

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Re: Чехия
« Ответ #1 : 24/10/12 , 23:00:09 »
Однако, радует)

Оригинал взят у yuss в Рациональные чехи любящие комфорт запросились в социализм?
43% поддержали Чешскую социал-демократическую партию, 22% – Коммунистическую партию Чехии и Моравии, 19% – Гражданскую демократическую партию. Таки образом, во второй тур выходят 23 представителя ЧСДП, 12 представителей КПЧМ и 10 представителей ГДП. Отметим, что борьба идет за 27 мест в Сенате". Трудно вспомнить страну, где коммунисты столько бы сейчас получали на выборах. Даже в Греции в два раза меньше. Разочарование в капитализме налицо,

Капитализм хорош на первый взгляд и до первого кризиса....