Автор Тема: Швейцария  (Прочитано 3662 раз)

0 Пользователей и 1 Гость просматривают эту тему.

Оффлайн vasily ivanov

  • Администратор форума
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 7822
« : 01/07/09 , 00:19:45 »

Swiss Party of Labour
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Swiss Party of Labour

Party Name in German   Partei der Arbeit der Schweiz (PdA)
Party Name in French   Parti Suisse du Travail - Parti Ouvrier et Populaire (PST-POP)
Party Name in Italian   Partito Comunista (PC)
Party Name in Romansh   Partida Svizra da la Lavur (PSL)

President   Nelly Buntschu
Members of the Swiss Federal Council   None

Founded   14 October 1944
Headquarters   Turmweg 24
3013 Bern

Political Ideology   Communism,
European Affiliation   Party of European Left (member)
International Affiliation   None
Colours   Red

Website   FR: http://www.pst.ch
DE: http://www.pda.ch
IT: http://www.partitocomunista.ch

See also:
   Politics & Government

Swiss Federal Council
Federal Chancellor
Federal Assembly
Council of States (members)
National Council (members)
Political parties
Elections (2003 - 2007)
Cantons - Municipalities

The Swiss Party of Labour (German: Partei der Arbeit der Schweiz; French: Parti Suisse du Travail - Parti Ouvrier et Populaire; Italian: Partito Comunista; Romansh: Partida svizra da la lavur) is a socialist party in Switzerland.

The party was founded in 1944 by the illegal Communist Party of Switzerland. On May 21 the constituent conference of the Basel Federation of the party was held. On October 14-15 the same year the first Party Congress of the party was held in Zrich. Lon Nicole was elected President and Karl Hofmaier General Secretary.

On October 6–7 1945 the Second Congress was held in Geneva. By this time the party has 20 000 members. On November 30-December 1 the 3rd Congress in Zrich.

On July 27 a Swiss Party Conference was held in Bern. Karl Hofmaier was removed from his position due to a financial scandal.

In the national elections of 1947 the party receives 5,1% of votes.
Poster for the 2006 elections to the Grand Council of Bern.

On July 4–6 1949 the 4th Congress was held. Steps to strengthen the organization as a Cadre Party are taken. Edgar Woog elected General Secretary.

In 1950 the party works intensively for the Stockholm Appeal. 260 000 signatures are collected in Switzerland.

On May 31-June 2 1952 the 5th Congress is held in Geneva. On December 7 the Central Committee expels Lon Nicole from the party.

On May 28-30 6th Congress in Geneva.

On May 16–18 1959 7th Congress in Geneva. A new party programme approved with the concept of antimonopolistic unity, "Swiss Road to Socialism" (inspired by similar programme of the Communist Party of Great Britain).

On May 16–18 1964 8th Congress in Geneva. It is associated with the European United Left - Nordic Green Left group in the European Parliament, although Switzerland is not in the EU.

In 2005, the party held 0.8% of the seats in the Swiss cantonal councils, but was not represented in any of the 26 cantonal governments.[1]

National Elections 2007

Holding two seats in the Swiss National Council (lower or first chamber of the Swiss parliament), going into the 2007 elections, the party stood candidates in the cantons of Zrich, Vaud, Geneva and Ticino on their own, and in Neuchtel the candidate was on a joint list with Solidarity. While the share of the vote in 2007 was similar to the party's 2003 results (0.7%), the party lost the seat held by Josef Zisyadis, while retaining the seat held by Marianne Huguenin.[2] However, on 1 November 2007 Marianne Huguenin announced her resignation from the National Council to focus on her position as mayor of Renens, leaving Zisyadis to take the Party's seat in the national council.[3]

Results at National ElectionsYear    % of votes   Seats
1947   5.1%   7
1951   2.7%   5
1955   2.6%   4
1959   2.7%   3
1963   2.2%   4
1967   2.9%   5
1971   2.6%   5
1975   2.4%   4
1979   2.1%   3
1983   0.9%   1
1987   0.8%   1
1991   0.8%   2
1995   1.2%   3
1999   1.0%   2
2003   0.7%   2
2007   0.7%   1